list of minor prophets
The Minor Prophets are Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. Whereas Isaiah’s vision of the End of Days is universal, ending with the famous sentence “Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore” (Isaiah 2:4), Micah adopts but changes this vision, adding two sentences that focus particularly on the nation of Judah: “Each man shall sit under his vine and under his fig tree, with no one to make him afraid, for thus has the mouth of the Lord God of Hosts spoken. What does God demand of humans? [28] Further, many of these studies, using the archaeological finds from Qumran (and other Middle Eastern excavations), are attempting to develop these interpretations using the most historically relevant source materials. Ph.D., Public Administration and Public Affairs, Virginia Tech, M.L.S., Library and Information Science, Emporia State University, M.P.A., Political Science and Public Administration, Brigham Young University, B.A., Political Science, Brigham Young University. For though all the nations will go in the name of their individual god, we will walk in the name of the Lord our God forever” (Micah 4:4-5). The historical setting of several passages in the Twelve Prophets are debated: Scholars argue about the dating of Habakkuk 3 and Zechariah 9-14, and it is quite probable that Zechariah 9-14 were written earlier than the time of Zechariah. Some prophets overlap, lived in different areas, or the chronology cannot be estimated with any accuracy. He was active at the same time as Isaiah, whose prophecies are recorded in first part of the long Biblical book bearing this name. The Minor Prophets are also sometimes called The Twelve. Krista Cook is a seventh-generation Utah Mormon and a graduate of Brigham Young University who covers LDS topics. Contemporary of Lehi, Ezekiel, Hosea, and Daniel. Each Minor Prophet offers a valuable illustration for the application of God’s Word, but one that particularly stands out to me is the book of Habakkuk. Some of these trends are elegantly summarized by Russell Fuller: New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article They may or may not have been. The Minor Prophets, whose exhortations were recorded on a single scroll in the classical Hebrew (and only separated when the text came to be translated), run the gamut of Israelite/Jewish history—from the Assyrian period to the Persian. One of the Twelve Prophets stands out as unconnected to any historical event. The next of the Minor Prophets, working historically, was Micah, who prophesied at the end of the eighth century in Judah, the Southern Kingdom. All Rights Reserved. In spite of this, they consistently stressed a single, primary thesis: that they were God's chosen people, that it behooved them to behave accordingly, and that, in the end, history would vindicate the faithful. The term "Minor Prophets" refers to the reported authors of the twelve short prophetic texts included within the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) as well as the Christian Old Testament. In doing so, they address strikingly varied audiences, from broken-hearted exiles to hopeful builders of a new temple. In this way (and in spite of their varied historical perspectives), all of the twelve, in their hopeful proclamations and baneful exhortations, were conditioned by this singular perspective. It is not clear if this refers to an actual plague or is a metaphor for an anticipated invasion of Judah. Scholars have long disagreed on the central message of the Book of Jonah. However, in many cases, we cannot say with any certainty that someone was not. The minor prophets exhibit a great diversity of manner and style -- the rugged and sententious, the full and flowing, the oratorical, and the simple and unadorned. This list details all the major and minor Old Testament prophets, though not necessarily in perfect chronological order. What Do the Major and Minor Prophets Have in Common? "The Text of the Twelve Minor Prophets.". But nowhere in the Bible does a single book present as wide a variety of views on these subjects as does the collection of the Twelve Minor Prophets. Annotated List of Minor Prophetic Books. Relations between African Americans and Jews have evolved through periods of indifference, partnership and estrangement. Twelve "minor prophets" form one "book" concluding the Prophets, the middle section of the Hebrew Bible. Haggai encouraged the people to rebuild the Temple, despite their grinding poverty. “Behold, I bring up upon you the Chaldeans (a term often used to refer to the tribes in southern Babylonia), a bitter and furious people, going to the ends of the earth to take over others’ habitations” (Habakkuk 1:6). How do historical events signify God’s word? The ordering of the twelve books was thought to be an early attempt at a chronological organization of the works (one with which modern textual scholarship tends to dispute). Heavenly Father blesses all his posterity: biological and adopted. Copyright © 2002-2020 My Jewish Learning. Remembered for his prophecies of the Messiah. He castigated those who “lie on beds of ivory, sprawled on their couches, eating the fattest of sheep and cattle from the stalls who drink from wine bowls, and anoint themselves with the choicest oils, but are not concerned about the ruin of (the House of) Joseph.” (Amos 6:4-6). The collection of twelve texts known as the Minor Prophets was thought to have assumed its unitary form sometime in the first century B.C.E.,[1] although first extant mention of the text together is found in the Wisdom of Jesus ben Sirach (second century B.C.E.). The “Twelve Minor Prophets” is the eighth and last “book” in the second section of the Hebrew Bible, the Nevi’im, or Prophets. During this time period, the Assyrian empire threatened to conquer Judah, and here we encounter a difference of views and emphases between prophets of the same period. Both Hosea and Amos were composed in the second half of the eighth century, in the Northern Kingdom of Israel. In contrast, Hosea focused on the theme of Israel’s loyalty to God. VII: Introduction to Apocalyptic Literature, Daniel, The Twelve Prophets (Abingdon, 1996) The New Interpreter’s Bible, Vol. One such force is the influence of Assyria: “Ephraim (i.e. The Minor Prophets Prophets like Jeremiah, Isaiah and Ezekiel have large books and so these prophets are called the Major Prophets only because their books are larger, not because they are more important. In response to this, Amos focused in his prophecies on the economic disparities created by Israel’s newfound wealth, criticizing the wealthy Israelites’ lack of concern for the fate of the poor. This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution. ), Fuller, 81-82. Zechariah (in chapters 1-8) focused on the theme of God choosing and desiring Israel: “Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion, behold I come and I will dwell within you, says the Lord” (Zechariah 2:14). The Twelve, also called The Twelve Prophets, orThe Minor Prophets, book of the Hebrew Bible that contains the books of 12 minor prophets: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. This is the book of Jonah, also the only one to deal solely with universal themes, rather than with Israel’s particular relationship with God. Exodus 17:13–14, 24:13, 32:17, 33:11, Numbers 13:8, 14:26–31, 27:18–19, 34:17, Deuteronomy 1:38, 3:28, 31:3, 23, 34:9, Book of Joshua. How Did God Appear to Man in the Old Testament? Some prophets overlap, lived in different areas, or the chronology cannot be estimated with any accuracy. The list is roughly chronological. “Minor” refers not to their importance but to their length: All were considered important enough to enter the Hebrew Bible, but none was long enough to form an independent book. In chapters 1-2, Jonah attempts to escape from God’s Presence; through his interactions with the sailors in chapter 1, he comes to see God as the source of life, and to long for God. (The history of this period, when the second Temple was being rebuilt,is described in the biblical books of Ezra and Nehemiah.) They range in time from Hosea and Amos, both of whom date to the middle of the eighth century B.C.E. Friend and advisor to King David. Modern scholars tend to order the books as follows: Amos, Hosea, Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Haggai, Zecheriah, Malachi, Joel, Jonah.[2]. The last group within the Twelve Prophets is Haggai, Zechariah (especially chapters 1-8), and Malachi, all of whom prophesy after the Babylonian exile.


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