mixed race

Some African slaves were freed by their masters during these early years. [114] It's been recognized that grouping together all Afrodescent ethnicities, regardless of their unique ancestral circumstances, would deny the lingering effects of slavery within the American Colonial Era chattel slave descended community.

According to the United States Census Bureau, concerning multiracial families in 1990, the number of children in interracial families grew from less than one-half million in 1970 to about two million in 1990. In the English-speaking world, many terms for people of various multiracial backgrounds exist, some of which are pejorative or are no longer used.

In the 1980s, parents of mixed race children began to organize and lobby for the addition of a more inclusive term of racial designation that would reflect the heritage of their children. [70], Ben Campbell was born to an Azorian mother and father of Northern Cheyenne, Apache and Pueblo Indian descent.[76].

[41] Of these, more than 27% specifically indicated "Cherokee" as their ethnic origin. Contemporary African-Americans possess varying degrees of admixture with European ancestry.

Walter Francis White belonged to a middle-class hyperdescent African-American chattel slave descended family who remained negro or black-identified.
Those terms are now often considered offensive and are becoming obsolete. "IndiVisible: African-Native American Lives in the Americans – Shared Spirits", "Maria Tallchief, a Dazzling Ballerina and Muse for Balanchine, Dies at 88", "The Blood of Entertainers: The Life and Times of Jimi Hendrix's Paternal Grandparents - The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed", "Being and Belonging – Indivisble – African-Native American Lives in the Americas", "Tri-Racials: Black Indians of the Upper South", "Frontline: The Blurred Racial Lines of Famous Families – The van Salee Family", "Frontline: The Blurred Racial Lines of Famous Families – Pendarvis", "Who, me?

[77][78], Rebecca Hall was born to a mother of Sioux, African-American, Scottish and Dutch extraction and an English father. Ruth Gordon's ancestor Parthena was an African mistress of Joseph Pendarvis a member of the notable, Native American descended, Landgrave family of South Carolina. The Census Bureau changed its data collection by allowing people to self-identify as more than one ethnicity.

Prior to the mid-20th century, many people hid their multiracial heritage. Some early male settlers married Native American women or had informal unions with them. In Mexico, over 80% of the population is mestizo in some degree or another.[70]. [citation needed] In the 2011 census, 2.2% chose 'Mixed' for the question on ethnicity. [17], Olivia Munn father is of German, Irish, and English ancestry,[186] while her mother is from Vietnam. In the Caribbean, multiracial people officially make up the majority of the population in the Dominican Republic (73%) and Cuba (51%).[9]. Many Americans today are multi-racial without knowing it. [139], Patrick Francis Healy was born to an Irish-American plantation owner and his biracial slave. [7] In the early years, the working-class peoples lived and worked together. His father is a black Kenyan," in a column entitled "What Obama Isn't: Black Like Me." They showed Northerners those slaves who looked like them rather than an "Other"; this technique, which is labeled White slave propaganda, collapsed the separation between peoples and made it impossible for the public to ignore the brutality of slavery.[210].

Genealogists have begun to find plantation records, court records, land deeds and other sources to trace African-American families and individuals before 1870. [20] The number of interracial marriages and relationships, and transracial and international adoptions has increased the proportion of multiracial families. European impact was immediate, widespread and profound—more than any other race that had contact with Native Americans during the early years of colonization and nationhood.[84]. In 2008, Barack Obama was elected as the first biracial President of the United States; he acknowledges both sides of his family and identifies as African-American.[6].

See refusal of interracial marriage in Louisiana.
[85] Marriages took place in both English and Latin colonies between European men and Native women. Together with publicity about the ancestry of President Barack Obama, whose father was from Kenya, some black writers have argued that new terms are needed for recent immigrants. Many families were multiracial. Virginia and other English colonies passed laws in the 17th century that gave children the social status of their mother, according to the principle of partus sequitur ventrem, regardless of the father's race or citizenship.

[34], Some Dutch physical traits like auburn and red hair among people in regions of south Taiwan are a consequence of this episode of Dutch women becoming concubines to the Chinese commanders. Practiced during chattel slavery the rule delegated the racial classification of offspring produced by White male slave masters and African or Negro female slaves through coercion or rape. [114] A growing sentiment within the Descendants of American Colonial Era Chattel Slaves (DOS) population insists that ethnic African immigrants as well as all other Afro-descent and Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade descendants and those relegated, or self-designated, to the Black race social identity or classification recognize their own unique familial, genealogical, ancestral, social, political and cultural backgrounds. In the East Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak, there have been many incidents of intermarriage between Chinese and native tribes such as the Murut and Dusun in Sabah and the Iban and Bisaya in Sarawak.

Over the years, particularly in the sugar cane-growing regions of Western Viti Levu and parts of Vanua Levu, Indo-Fijians and Indigenous Fijians have mixed. Charles W. Chesnutt, an author of the post-Civil War era, explored stereotypes in his portrayal of multiracial characters in southern society in the postwar years. In addition, the breakdown is as follows: In 2010, 1.6 million Americans checked both "black" and "white" on their census forms, a figure 134% higher than the number a decade earlier. Article 366(2) of the Indian Constitution defines Anglo-Indian as:[21][22].

[4] While many Americans may be considered multiracial, they often do not know it or do not identify so culturally, any more than they maintain all the differing traditions of a variety of national ancestries.

Interracial relationships, common-law marriages and marriages occurred since the earliest colonial years, especially before slavery hardened as a racial caste associated with people of African descent in the British colonies. Media which portrays multiracials as the 'half-breed' predator... [and] 'halfbreed' temptress perpetuates the association of multiraciality with sexual aberration and violence. African-Americans generally shared a common cause in society regardless of their multiracial admixture or social/economic stratification. [99][100], Many free African-American families descended from unions between white women and African men in colonial Virginia. In later censuses, people of African descent were classified by appearance as mulatto (which recognized visible European ancestry in addition to African) or black. RACE – Universe: TOTAL POPULATION", "Obama raises profile of mixed-race Americans", "Campaigners From History: Olaudah Equiano", "Interracial relationships are on the increase in U.S., but decline with age, Cornell study finds", "The US Census now recognizes multiracial entries", "Multiracial Group Views Change to Census as a Victory", "Recognizing the Legitimacy of Multiracial Individuals Through Hapa Issues Forum and the UCLA Hapa Club", "Multiracialism: The Final Piece of the Puzzle", "Yes indeed!

"How much Cherokee is he? This was in contrast to the pattern in the post-Revolutionary era, in which most mixed-race children had white fathers and slave mothers.[7]. Census 2000 race data are shown for people who reported a race either alone or in combination with one or more other races.[12]. Their unique features make them Brazilian-looking in skin color, lips and nose shape or hair texture, but they are aware only that their ancestors were probably Portuguese, African or Amerindian. Association of MultiEthnic Americans, Inc. Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact theories, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Multiracial_people&oldid=985823325, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from January 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles needing additional references from November 2009, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from September 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In 1789 Olaudah Equiano, a former slave from Nigeria who was enslaved in North America, published his autobiography. “Hallowmas” vs. “All Saints’ Day”: What’s The Day After Halloween Actually Called? James Earl Jones has said in interviews that his parents were both of mixed African-American, Irish and Native American ancestry. [25], In the United States, intermarriage among Filipinos with other races is common. The most notable mixed-race group are the Sri Lankan Moors, who trace their ancestry from Arab traders who settled on the island and intermarried with local women.


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